The first inhabitants of
Australia were the Aboriginal people. The history of
Australia first began when the European explored the
Marines from Spain and Portugal accosted
the country in the 16th century but they were more
attracted to East Africa, Asia and India. The first
real explorers of Australia were the Dutch with
better sailing ships and more knowledge in the wind
system. The Dutch
sailor Dirk Hartog was the first known sailor for having
explored Australia in 1616. Before Dirk Hartog, another
Dutch sailor, Willem Janszoon, discovered Australia in 1606.
After the sailor Dirk Hartog the British came along too. In
the year 1768 the Captain James Cook from England
left his country for an expedition of three years to
explore the Pacific which also brought him to
On the 29th of
April 1770 he landed at Botany Bay, which is a bay in
Sydney. The Port Botany was built in 1930 and now it is a
container terminal. The Captain Cook gave the name of South Wales to his
discovery and took right on it as British, thinking that it
would be an interesting area to stay.
The British sent in 1788 a group of ships with people to
settle in Australia. At that time Britain needed a place to
send their prisoners as the jails were full.
The first group settled in a place they named Sydney, but
life was quite difficult at this time, they had no food, so
as solution they started to farm, after that more and more
people came and Sydney grew bigger.
Very quickly the settlers as George Bass and Matthew
Flitters from Sydney discovered other places of Australia.
They went to Tasmania, others as Hamilton Hulme and Willian
Hovell discovered the South part of this big island. They
found Victoria and the Murray River. Thomas Mitchell decided
to explore inland and discovered much more rivers. Some of
them went in the North and found Queensland. And very
quickly the island part developed more cities and towns.
In 1951 gold was found since then much more people wanted to
come to Australia.
The country got a lot of inhabitants in a small lapse of
time; some of them became quite rich.
The Aboriginal people were pushed to leave the land where
they settled, as more farms and towns started over the
island. Some of the Aborigines died of hunger and illness,
and some of them were even killed. Some left and lived on
small parts of land. Most of the Australian people at time
did not care of what was happening to the Aboriginal people.
In the 1840 the British had to stop sending their detainee
to Australia because the inhabitants in Australia didn’t
want to be controlled by British but wanted to run their own
New South Wales, Victoria and the other colonies decided in
1855 to create their own parliament so that they could have
their own laws.
The 6 colonies of Australia decided to join together in 1900
to one country named the Commonwealth of Australia but
Australia was still part Britain and stayed very close to
the British King. It had the name of “Federation” and it
happened in 1901.
Australia had very quickly its own navy, army and money.
Australia was a quite big country and was afraid that the
Asian could take over the country as they were very close to
Asia, so they decided of a law that only British or people
from other “white” lands would be allowed to come to
Australia. This law was called the “White Australia Policy”
which was applied for over 50 years.
Australia was one of the first countries where women could
There were also a lot of laws passed to help workers, there
was also a political party that started called “Labor
When the First World War started in 1914 in Europe,
Australia participated and joined the British and French
side against Germany. The soldiers from Australia were sent
to Turkey, but were beaten by them. Over 60,000 Australian
soldiers left lives in this war. During the Second World
War, in 1939, Australia helped again Britain. But 1941 the
Japanese attacked Australia so they had to fight for their
own land. Australia was helped by the United States at this
time and the Japanese were stopped. Since then Australia and
United States are good friends.
After war Australia felt that they need more people for the
country, so the government said that they would take people
from Europe who lost their homes in war. In the next 20
years after the war, millions of people from Yugoslavia,
Greece, Italy and other countries from Europe settled in
The law of the “White Australia Policy” ended in the year
1970, since then many people from Vietnam, China and other
Asian countries came to Australia.
Between the years 1960 and 1970 Australia was considered as
one of the richest country in the world.
And nowadays Australia is considered as a rich, democratic
and peaceful land. But there is a still a lot of poor person,
still problems as people without jobs or the problems with
the refugees and the Aboriginal people who want to get some
of their piece of land back.